EFTA: India May Withdraw Customs Duty Concessions If $100 Bn Investment Commitment Not Met

India will have the option of temporarily withdrawing customs duty concessions on EFTA country goods under the trade agreement between the two sides, if the four European nation bloc would not fulfil its USD 100 billion investment obligations.

Though the investments have to flow in 15 years — USD 50 billion in the first 10 years (counted after implementation of the pact) and another USD 5 billion in next five years, the trade deal also provides for a three-year grace period to the EFTA bloc to meet the obligations, according to the documents accompanying the agreement.

India and four-nation European Free Trade Association (EFTA) bloc signed Trade and Economic Partnership Agreement (TEPA) on March 10 under which New Delhi received a foreign direct investment commitment of USD 100 billion in 15 years from the member countries of the grouping.

The EFTA members are Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.

There is a three-stage government-to-government consultation process prescribed in the document for resolution of differences raised in relation to the obligations.

“If, after the consultation period, India is still of the opinion that the EFTA states have not fulfilled their obligations, India may, after a further grace period of three years, suspend concessions. The suspension of concessions needs to be proportionate and temporary,” according to the agreement documents posted on EFTA website.

It would take around a year for the agreement to come into force.

The investment promotion and cooperation chapter of the agreement talks about a regular review by a specially appointed sub-committee, and it provides for a three-stage consultation procedure which can be invoked by India if the defined target has not been reached after 15 years.

An investment sub-committee would review progress towards the achievement of the shared objectives. The first review by the committee will be held no later than 5 years after entry into force of this agreement. Similarly, the second review would take place after 10 years.

The final review shall take place 15 years after entry into force of this agreement.

The document, however, stated that in case of occurrence of any unforeseen circumstances like global pandemic, war, geopolitical disruptions, financial crisis or sustained economic underperformance, which have had a material bearing on the progress to achieve the shared objectives, the two sides will adjust the shared objectives accordingly.

To facilitate investments India will have to ensure a favourable investment climate while taking into account the need to identify, assess and mitigate potential risks for security or public order.

As per the documents, all the duty cuts would be carried out over a period of 10 years with different timelines for each category of goods by India for EFTA member countries.

The joint committee will be the apex body to supervise and administer the TEPA and to oversee its further development.

India has received about USD 10 billion in foreign direct investments (FDI) from Switzerland between April 2000 and December 2023. It is the 12th largest investor in India.

The FDI inflow was USD 721.52 million from Norway, USD 29.26 million from Iceland and USD 105.22 million from Liechtenstein during the period. 

(This report has been published as part of the auto-generated syndicate wire feed. Apart from the headline, no editing has been done in the copy by ABP Live.)