Bhopal / Shahdol2 hours agoAuthor: Vijay Singh Baghel
Draupadi Murmu is visiting Madhya Pradesh for the first time after becoming the President. On Tuesday, on the occasion of Birsa Munda Jayanti, she will attend the Tribal Pride Day function organized in Shahdol as the chief guest. The main event will be held at Lalpur airport. President Draupadi Murmu will implement PESA Act (Extension to Panchayat Scheduled Areas) in the program. With the help of this, tribals will be empowered by empowering the Gram Sabhas of the scheduled areas. What is PESA Act? Before knowing this, let’s know the program of the President…
A huge tent of 4.5 lakh square feet has been made at the venue. There is a possibility of reaching more than one lakh people in the program. Arrangements have been made for 2500 buses from other districts of the state to reach the program venue. 8 big dome pandals have also been made for the people. The program will be telecasted live. During this, 2500 jawans will be deployed. These include bomb squad, SPG and police force from other districts. 10 places have been reserved for parking.
A huge tent of 4.5 lakh square feet has been built at the venue of President Draupadi Murmu. More than one lakh people are expected to attend the event.
President’s program of about 22 hours 45 minutes
Virtual foundation stone of these projects from Raj Bhavan
SHGs convention on 16th November at Motilal Nehru Stadium, Bhopal
8 big dome pandals have also been made for the people. The program will be telecasted live. In terms of security, 2500 police personnel will be deployed. Cutouts of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan have also been installed at the venue.
Traffic closed on the highway from 11 am to 5 pm
The movement of heavy vehicles on National Highway-43 Shahdol to Anuppur route will remain closed from 11:00 am to 5:00 pm. At the same time, the movement of passenger buses and small four wheelers will be closed for 30 minutes before the arrival of the President and 30 minutes after the departure.
In the programme, Governor Mangu Bhai Patel, Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda, Union Minister of State for Steel and Rural Development Faggan Singh Kulaste, Minister Meena Singh Mandawe Tribal Affairs and Scheduled Castes Welfare, Forest Minister Kunwar Vijay Shah, Bisahulal Singh Minister Food and Civil Supplies, Minister Prem Singh Patel Animal Husbandry and Social Justice and Disabled, Shahdol MP Himadri Singh will be present.
Now know about PESA Act…
Shivraj government is going to empower about 1.5 crore tribals of MP. The PESA Act, which has been an election issue in tribal areas for years, has been prepared after long deliberation. Laxman Singh Markam, advisor to CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan Daily newspaper From shared the nuances of the law.
Why was the PESA Act not implemented earlier?
In the Panchayati Raj system, the rights of 15 things were to be given separately in the scheduled areas. Madhya Pradesh was the first state to implement Panchayati Raj in 1996. All its laws should have been made in 1998, but the then governments did not take interest. The Gazette was published on 23 December 1998. There were 16 points in this Gazette, but it did not include any of those points in 1996’s 15. Only paperwork was done from this gazette.
Atal ji’s government was formed in 1998 and there was talk of implementation of PESA. When the BJP government was formed in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, work started on it. It was discussed many times in the center from 2004 to 2014, but not much work could be done.
Who has special interest in getting the law prepared?
In 2014, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan took cognizance for the development of tribals in MP. Discussions were held in the Tribal Advisory Council under the chairmanship of CM. More than 20 meetings took place. The draft of the PESA rule came on 22 September 2022. Provisions have been made in the draft from water, forest, land to culture protection, so that the tribals living in the notified areas can get their rights.
Three main things of PESA Act – water, forest, land
Right to land- In the law, the right to land means the right to land has been mainly strengthened. The right of land management is being given for the first time in history. In tribal areas land management rights are being given in chapter 4 para 16.
Second Right – Water
Water is a major source of livelihood for the tribals. There are small ponds, lakes, rivers in the scheduled area. Now they used to come under the jurisdiction of the Forest Department. The rights of water management are being given to the Gram Sabhas of tribal areas under the PESA Act.
Right to forest – Tribal women groups will be able to take tenders for minor minerals
Special things related to PESA law
Mechanism to prevent migration: Along with making the Gram Sabha empowered, certain responsibilities have also been fixed. Gram Sabhas will prepare the labor roster of the tribal area. How many such people are in need of employment, Gram Sabhas will be able to do micro planning throughout the year. Many names are wrong in the model roster of MNREGA, the Gram Sabha will be able to rectify them. A list will be made of those who go to work outside. Which tribal is being taken by which contractor to where, how much wages are being given, if any worker complains, then the administration will take action on the information of the Gram Sabha.
Boards will be installed in villages, will tell minimum wages: The Gram Sabha can put up a board of minimum wages in its village, so that the rate of wages in the tribal village can be known. Action will be taken on complaints of low wages.
Trying to stop illegal moneylenders: Rules have been made in the PESA Act to prevent illegal moneylenders in the tribal areas. Now the tribal will be able to give loans at the fixed interest rate of the government, but he will have to give information to the borrowers in the Gram Sabha. Action will also be taken against moneylenders who take more interest than the fixed rate.
Gram Sabhas will decide the sale of liquor: If the Gram Sabha wants to control liquor control in tribal areas, then the Gram Sabha can decide for sale and purchase. The Gram Sabha will also have the right to decide the location of the liquor shop.
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