Safeguarding and Preventing Waterborne Diseases in Children – News18

Children are more susceptible to waterborne infections due to their underdeveloped immune system which causes diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid fever, and hepatitis A.

Kids are more vulnerable to waterborne diseases because their immune systems aren’t fully developed

The rainy season often brings a rise in various illnesses, particularly waterborne diseases. These diseases are a major public health issue because they stem from contaminated water and can seriously affect anyone, especially children. Ensuring good sanitation and practicing proper hygiene are crucial steps to keeping kids healthy and preventing these illnesses.

Stagnant water is the primary cause of waterborne diseases as it becomes the breeding ground for various bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Children are more susceptible to waterborne infections due to their underdeveloped immune system which causes diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid fever, and hepatitis A.

Dr Sowmya CC, MBBS, DNB (Paediatrics), Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital, Jayanagar, Bengaluru shares steps to follow to prevent waterborne diseases in children:

  1. Safe drinking waterPrevention of waterborne diseases starts with ensuring access to clean and safe water. Drink only filtered or boiled water. Water jars or containers should be washed daily to prevent infections. Additionally, water quality should be checked regularly as it is important to identify potential exposure.
  2. Promote sanitation and hygieneKeeping things clean is essential to prevent waterborne diseases. It’s important to teach children good hygiene habits, like washing their hands regularly. This simple act can lower the risk of illnesses like diarrhea by 42-47%. Also, if the child gets wet in the rain, make sure they take a bath with clean water since rainwater can sometimes be acidic and contain harmful substances.
  3. VaccinationVaccination is essential to prevent many waterborne diseases. Vaccines provide immunity against these infections and help children fight these diseases like typhoid, Hepatitis A.
  4. Nutrition and dietA good diet boosts the immune system and can help children prevent many waterborne diseases. Seasonal fruits rich in vitamin C, leafy greens, and some homemade soups are essential vitamins and minerals for overall health. If a child’s immune system is strong viruses cannot do much harm.

Kids are more vulnerable to waterborne diseases because their immune systems aren’t fully developed. To keep them safe, a multi-faceted approach is essential. This includes providing clean drinking water, promoting good hygiene, educating children about these diseases, and ensuring they have a healthy diet. By taking these steps, we can significantly protect children from waterborne illnesses.