2023 IPO Guide For Beginners: Essential Tips Before Investing In Initial Public Offering – News18

Investing in Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) can be a tempting route to potentially high returns. However, as a beginner, it’s crucial to understand the process and potential risks before diving in. By understanding key points and conducting thorough research, you can make informed decisions about IPO subscriptions in India and potentially maximise your returns.

An IPO refers to the process by which a privately held company offers its shares to the public for the first time. This allows the company to raise capital from the public market and become publicly traded.

Also Read: DOMS Industries IPO Price Band Fixed At Rs 750-790: Know GMP, Lot Size, Subscription Dates

In India, when a company goes public, its shares are listed on a stock exchange, such as the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) or the National Stock Exchange (NSE).

Here are some essential things you should know before subscribing to an IPO:


Know the basics of how IPOs work, including the process of a company going public, how shares are offered, and how investors can participate.

Types of IPO:

1.Fixed price issue: In a fixed price offering, the issuer (the company going public) sets a specific price at which investors can subscribe to the shares. This fixed price is usually determined through factors like the company’s financial performance, industry trends, and market conditions. Investors who wish to participate in the IPO need to pay the fixed price per share to subscribe.

2.Book-building issue: In a book building process, the issuer provides a price range, and investors bid for shares within that range. The final issue price is then determined based on the demand generated during the bidding process. This mechanism allows for a more market-driven and dynamic pricing approach.

SEBI regulations: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) regulates IPOs in India. Understand SEBI guidelines and regulations regarding IPOs, as they outline the disclosure requirements and other important aspects.

Understand the business model: Analyse the company’s operations, financials, and future prospects.

Allotment process: Understand how share allotments are made. The allotment process can be oversubscribed, leading to prorated allotments. Check the basis of allotment to know how many shares you’ve been allocated.

Grey Market Premium: The grey market is an unofficial market where IPO shares are traded before the official listing. The grey market premium indicates the expected listing price. However, note that this information may not always be accurate.

Understand the price band: IPOs in India come with a price band within which investors can bid for shares. Assess whether the valuation is reasonable within this price range.

Review the red herring prospectus: This document provides detailed information about the company, its finances, and the IPO process.

Assess the IPO price: Compare the IPO price to similar companies in the same industry in India. Analyse the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio and other relevant metrics. Consider the company’s future growth potential in India: Is the company poised for significant growth, justifying a higher valuation?

Be aware of the market sentiment: IPOs often experience a temporary price surge due to hype. Be cautious of overpaying.

Choose a reliable broker: Select a broker with a proven track record and expertise in IPOs. Ensure the broker offers a user-friendly platform for IPO applications. Compare brokerage fees and other charges associated with IPO subscriptions in India.

Manage your expectations: IPO subscriptions can be highly competitive in India, and you may not receive shares even if you apply. Even successful IPOs may not guarantee immediate returns. Be prepared for potential price volatility.

Listing day volatility: IPO stocks often experience significant price volatility on the listing day. Be prepared for rapid price movements, and have a clear strategy for how you will manage your investment.

Always conduct thorough due diligence, stay informed about market conditions, and consider seeking advice from financial professionals if needed before investing in IPOs. Remember, patience, discipline, and a thorough understanding of the Indian market are crucial for success in any investment, including IPOs.

Disclaimer: The views and investment tips by experts in this News18.com report are their own and not those of the website or its management. Readers are advised to check with certified experts before taking any investment decisions.